EEHV Publications and References

Please send pdfs or reference information for EEHV-related publications to [email protected]

Publications:  2021

  • Perrin KL, Nielsen SS, Martinussen T, and Mads F. Bertelsen MF. Quantification and risk factor analysis of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus-haemorrhagic disease fatalities in Asian elephants Elephas maximus in Europe (1985–2017). JZAR, 9(1) 2021 10.19227/jzar.v9i1.553
  • Pearson VR, Bosse JB, Koyuncu OO, Scherer J, Toruno C, Robinson R, et al. (2021) Identification of African Elephant Polyomavirus in wild elephants and the creation of a vector expressing its viral tumor antigens to transform elephant primary cells. PLoS ONE 16(2): e0244334.
  • Prompiram P, Wiriyarat W, Bhusri B, Paungpin W, Jairak W, Sripiboon S, Wongtawan T. The occurrence of elephant endotheliotropic herpes virus (EEHV) infection in wild and captive 1 Asian elephants in Thailand: Investigation from the evidence of viral DNA and host antibody. Vet World, in press.
  • Hoornweg,T.E, Schaftenaar W, Maurer G, van den Doel P.B, Molenaar F.M, Cha‐mouard‐Galante A, Vercammen F, Rutten, V.P.M.G, de Haan C.A.M. Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus Is Omnipresent in Elephants in European Zoos and an Asian Elephant Range Country. Viruses 2021, 13, 283.
  • Stremme C, Priadi A, Hayward GS, Zachariah A. Identification of two lethal cases of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus hemorrhagic disease in Sumatran elephant calves in Indonesia. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2021 Jan;51(4):985-993. doi: 10.1638/2020-0003. PMID: 33480579.
  • de Waal CR, Kleynhans L, Parsons SDC, Goosen WJ, Hausler G, Buss PE, Warren RM, van Helden PD, Landolfi JA, Miller MA, Kerr TJ. Development of a cytokine gene expression assay for the relative quantification of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) cell-mediated immune responses. Cytokine, Volume 141, 2021, 155453, ISSN 1043-4666,

Publications:  2020

  • Grenus, B. G., Latimer, E., Cullinane, A., Lyons, P., Creighton, G., & Nutter, F. B. (2020). Evaluation of the efficacy of two different sampling sites for the detection of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) in three Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Ireland. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 51(2), 303-307.
  • Molenaar, F., & Schaftenaar, W. (2020). Should we treat elephants with EEHV? The Veterinary Record, 186(7), 222.
  • Angkawanish, T. (2020). Infectious Diseases Management in Asian Elephant: TB and EEHV-HD (Doctoral dissertation, Utrecht University).
  • Fuery, A., Pursell, T., Tan, J., Peng, R., Burbelo, P. D., Hayward, G. S., & Ling, P. (2019). Lethal hemorrhagic disease and clinical illness associated with the elephant EEHV1 virus are caused by primary infection: Implications for the detection of diagnostic proteins. Journal of Virology.
  • Jeffrey, A., Evans, T. S., Molter, C., Howard, L. L., Ling, P., Goldstein, T., & Gilardi, K. (2020). Noninvasive sampling for detection of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus and genomic dna in asian (elephas maximus) and african (loxodonta africana) elephants. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 51(2), 433-437.
  • Hengtrakul, P., Sudlapa, P., Chaisurat, N., Sodsaengthien, S., Chamnankij, C., Noimoon, S., … & Sripiboon, S. (2020). Biological and environmental factors associated with the detection of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Thailand. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 20-0309.
  • Hoornweg, T. E., Schaftenaar, W., Maurer, G., van den Doel, P. B., Molenaar, F. M., Chamouard-Galante, A., … & de Haan, C. A. (2020). Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus is omnipresent in elephants in European zoos and an Asian elephant range country. bioRxiv.
  • Sripiboon, S., Ditcham, W., Vaughan-Higgins, R., Jackson, B., Robertson, I., Thitaram, C., … & Warren, K. (2020). Subclinical infection of captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Thailand with elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus. Archives of Virology, 165(2), 397-401.
  • Khammesri, S., Mathura, Y., Boonprasert, K., Ampasavate, C., Hongwiset, D., Brown, J. L., & Thitaram, C. (2020). Case report: successful treatment of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus infection in an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) calf by oral acyclovir medication. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 20-0375.
  • Oo, Z. M., Aung, Y. H., Aung, T. T., San, N., Tun, Z. M., Hayward, G. S., & Zachariah, A. (2020). Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus Hemorrhagic Disease in Asian Elephant Calves in Logging Camps, Myanmar. Emerging infectious diseases, 26(1), 63.
  • Drake, G. J., Haycock, J., Dastjerdi, A., Davies, H., & Lopez, F. J. (2020). Use of immunostimulants in the successful treatment of a clinical EEHV1A infection in an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Veterinary Record Case Reports, 8(4), e001158.

Publications:  2019

  • Mahato, G., Sarma, K. K., Pathak, D. C., Barman, N. N., Gogoi, P., Dutta, M., & Basumatary, P. (2019). Endotheliotropic herpesvirus infection in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) of Assam, India. Veterinary World, 12(11), 1790.
  • Wissink-Argilaga, N., Dastjerdi, A., & Molenaar, F. M. (2019). Using in-house hematology to direct decision-making in the successful treatment and monitoring of a clinical and subsequently subclinical case of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1b. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 50(2), 498-502.
  • Weissenberger, J. (2019). Les herpèsvirus endothéliotropes des éléphants et la maladie hémorragique aiguë chez l’éléphant d’Asie (Elephas maximus).
  • Géza, H. D., Endre, S., Lilla, D., Ádám, D., Imre, B., & Gyula, B. Az elefántok endotheliotropikus herpeszvírusa
  • Selvaraj, P. (2019). Molecular characterization and pathogenesis of equine and elephant herpesviruses (Doctoral dissertation).
  • Swain, B., & Sahoo, N. (2019). Outbreak of Endotheliotropic Herpes Virus Infection in Elephant Population of Odisha India-A Wakeup Call. JOJ Wildlife & Biodiversity, 1(4), 106-107.
  • Angkawanish T, Nielen M, Vernooij H, et al. Evidence of high EEHV antibody seroprevalence and spatial variation among captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Thailand. Virol J. 2019;16(1):33. Published 2019 Mar 13. doi:10.1186/s12985-019-1142-8
  • Bechert, U. S., Brown, J. L., Dierenfeld, E. S., Ling, P. D., Molter, C. M. and Schulte, B. A. (2019), Zoo elephant research: contributions to conservation of captive and free‐ranging species. Int. Zoo Yb.. doi:10.1111/izy.12211
  • Boonprasert, K., Punyapornwithaya, V., Tankaew, P., Angkawanish, T., Sriphiboon, S., Titharam, C., … Somgird, C. (2019). Survival analysis of confirmed elephant endotheliotropic herpes virus cases in Thailand from 2006 – 2018. PloS one, 14(7), e0219288. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219288
  • Edwards KL, Miller MA, Carlstead K, Brown JL (2019) Relationships between housing and management factors and clinical health events in elephants in North American zoos. PLOS ONE 14(6): e0217774.
  • Kalirathinam, U. K., Elangkovan, S. , Kawi, J. and Cabana, F. (2019), Sleep monitoring of an Asian elephant Elephas maximus calf at Night Safari, Singapore: testing whether sleep time is a significant predictor of cortisol or the onset of positive elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus viraemia. Int. Zoo Yb.. doi:10.1111/izy.12239
  • Pavulraj, S.; Eschke, K.; Prahl, A.; Flügger, M.; Trimpert, J.; van den Doel, P.B.; Andreotti, S.; Kaessmeyer, S.; Osterrieder, N.; Azab, W. Fatal Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus Infection of Two Young Asian Elephants. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 396.
  • Srivorakul S, Guntawang T, Kochagul V, Photichai K, Sittisak T, et al. (2019) Possible roles of monocytes/macrophages in response to elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) infections in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). PLOS ONE 14(9): e0222158.
  • Takehana K, Kinjyo T, Nemoto M, Matsuno K. Rapid and sensitive detection of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1 (EEHV1) in blood by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). J Vet Med Sci. 2019;81(3):504–507. doi:10.1292/jvms.18-0683
  • Nathalie Wissink-Argilaga, Dastjerdi, A., & Molenaar, F. M. (2018). Using in-house hematology to direct decision-making in the successful treatment and monitoring of a clinical and subsequently subclinical case of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1b. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 50(2), 498-502. Retrieved from

Publications:  2018

  • Bennett, L. (2018). Epidemiology and molecular biology of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1 in the asian elephant elephas maximus.
  • ZACHARIAH A, SAJESH PK, BATHRACHALAM C, MEGHA M, PANDIYAN J, JISHNU M, KOBRAGADE RS, LONG SY, ZONG J-C, LATIMER EM, HEAGGANS SY AND HAYWARD GS. Extended Genotypic Evaluation and Comparison of Twenty-Two Cases of Lethal EEHV1 Hemorrhagic Disease in Wild and Captive Asian Elephants in India. PLoS ONE 2018 Aug 22:13(8):e0202438 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202438 eCollection 2018.
  • Bauer, K. L., Latimer, E., & Finnegan, M. (2018). Long-term, intermittent, low-level elephant
    endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1A viremia in a captive asian elephant calf. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation : Official Publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc, 30(6), 917-919. doi:10.1177/1040638718803138 [doi]
  • KOCHAGUL V, SRIVORAKUL S, BOONSRI K, SOMGIRD C, STHITMATEE N, THITARAM C & PRINGPROA K. Production of antibody against elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) unveils tissue tropisms and routes of viral transmission in EEHV-infected Asian elephants. Scientific Reports volume 8, Article number: 4675 (2018)
  • Boonsri K, Somgird C, Noinafai P, Pringproa K, Janyamethakul T, Angkawanish T, Brown J,
  • Fuery A, Leen AM, Peng R, Wong MC, Liu H, Ling PD. Asian Elephant T Cell Responses to
    Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus. J Virol. 2018;92(6):e01951-17. Published 2018 Feb 26. doi:10.1128/JVI.01951-17
  • Perrin, K. L., Krogh, A. K., Mads Kjelgaard-Hansen, Howard, L., Bochsen, L., Kiso, W. K., et
    al. (2018). Thromboelastography in the healthy asian elephant (elephas maximus): Reference intervals and effects of storage. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 49(1), 54-63. Retrieved from
  • AZAB W, OCHS A, OSTERRIEDER N, (2018) Subclinical infection of a young captive Asian elephant with elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1. Arch Virol. 2018 Feb;163(2):495-500. doi: 10.1007/s00705-017-3628-2.

Publications:  2017


  • BHUSRI, B, SUKSAI, P, MONGKOLPHAN, C, TIYANUN, E, RATANAKORN, P, CHAICHOUN, K, SARIYA, L. Detection of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 4 in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Thailand. Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine 2017 Vol.47 No.1 pp.97-102 ref.16


  • BOONSRI K, CHALEAMCHAT SOMGIRD C, NOINAFAI P, PRINGPROA K, JANYAMETHAKUL T, ANGKAWANISH T, BROWN J, TANKAEW P, SRIVORAKUL S, AND THITARAM C. Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus Associated With Clostridium Perfringens Infection In Two Asian Elephant (Elephas Maximus) Calves. 2017. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 49(1):178-18.


  • SRIPIBOON S, ANGKAWANISH T, BOONPRASERT K, SOMBUTPUTORN P, LANGKAPHIN W, DITCHAM W, WARREN K. (2017) Successful Treatment of a Clinical Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus Infection: The Dynamics of Viral Load, Genotype Analysis, and Treatment with Acyclovir. J Zoo Wild Med 2017 Dec;48(4):1254-1259. doi: 10.1638/2016-0141R1.1.


  • BRONSON E, MCCLURE M, SOHL J, WIEDNER E, COX S, LATIMER EM, PEARSON VR, HAYWARD GS, FUERY A, LING PD. (2017) Epidemiologic Evaluation of Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus 3b Infection in an African Elephant (Loxodonta Africana). J Zoo Wild Med. 2017 Jun;48(2):335-343. doi: 10.1638/2016-0063R.1


  • BHUSRI B, SUKSAI P, MONGKOLPHAN C, TIYANUN E, RATANAKOR, P, CHAICHOUN K, SARIYA, L. (2017) Detection of Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus 4 in Captive Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Thailand. The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 47, 1 (1), 97-102.


  • LOPEZ J, VET M SC LD, HAYCOCK J, MCKENZIE A, SEILERN-MOY K, DASTJERDI A. (2017) Assessment of a lancet-and-swab blood sampling technique for surveillance of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus infection. J Zoo Wildl Med. pp 48(3):659-667.


  • BARMAN NN, CHOUDHURY B, KUMAR V, KOUL M, GOGOI SM, KHATOON E, CHAKROBORTY A, BASUMATARY P, BARUA B, RAHMAN T, DAS SK, KUMAR S. (2017) Incidence of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus in Asian elephants in India. Vet Microbiol. pp: 208:159-163.
    BRONSON E, MCCLURE M, SOHL J, WIEDNER E, COX S, LATIMER EM, PEARSON VR, HAYWARD GS, FUERY A, LING PD. (2017) Epidemiologic evaluation of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 3b infection in an african elephant (loxodonta africana). J Zoo Wildl Med. pp: 48(2):335-343.


  • ACKERMANN M, HATT JM, SCHETLE N, STEINMETZ H. (2017) Identification of shedders of elephant endotheliotropic herpesviruses among Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Switzerland. PLoS One; 12(5):e0176891.

Publications:  2016

  • Pich, A., Nevitt, D., & Sanchez, C. (2016). KNOWING YOUR PLATELETS: THE ROLE OF
  • DASTJERDI A, SEILERN-MOY K, DARPEL K, STEINBACH F, MOLENAAR F. Surviving and fatal Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus-1A infections in juvenile Asian elephants – lessons learned and recommendations on anti-herpesviral therapy. (2016) BMC Vet Res; 12(1):178.
  • PURSELL T, TAN J, PENG R, LING PD. (2016). Generation and validation of new quantitative real time PCR assays to detect elephant endotheliotropic herpesviruses 1A, 1B, and 4. J Virol Methods; 237:138-142.
  • SRIPIBOON S, JACKSON B, DITCHAM W, HOLYOAKE C, ROBERTSON I, THITARAM C, TANKAEW P, LETWATCHARASARAKUL P, WARREN K. (2016) Molecular characterisation and genetic variation of Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus infection in captive young Asian elephants in Thailand. Infect Genet Evol. 44:487-94.

Publications:  2015

  • SEILERN-MOY, KATHARINA., BERTELSE, MADS F., LEIFSSON, PALL S., PERRIN, KATHRYN L., HAYCOCK, JONATHAN., DASTJERDI, AKBAR. (2015). Fatal Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus-1 and 4 co-infection in a juvenile Asian elephant in Europe.” JMM Case Reports (2015).
  • LAMGLAIT, BENJAMIN., JORIS, ANTOINE., ROMEY, AURORE., BAKKALI-KASSIMI, LABIB., LEMBERGER, KARIN. (2015). Fatal Encephalomyocarditis Virus infection in an African Savanna elephant (LOXODONTA AFRICANA) in a French zoo. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 46.2 (2015): 393-396.
  • LUNDIN, JOHN-FILIP. (2015). Serum Amyloid A as a possible marker of health and disease in non-domesticated mammals.
  • BENNETT, L., DUNHAM, S., YON, L., CHAPMAN, S., KENAGHAN, M., PURDIE, L., & TARLINTON, R. (2015). Longitudinal study of Asian elephants, Elephas maximus, indicates intermittent shedding of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1 during pregnancy. Veterinary Record Open, 2(1), e000088.
  • VAN DEN DOEL PB, PRIETO VR, VAN ROSSUM-FIKKERT SE, SCHAFTENAAR W, LATIMER E, HOWARD L, CHAPMAN S, MASTERS N, OSTERHAUS ADME, LING PD, DASTJERDI A AND MARTINA B. A novel antigen capture ELISA for the specific detection of IgG antibodies to elephant endotheliotropic herpes virus. BMC Veterinary Research 2015, 11:203 doi:10.1186/s12917-015-0522-6
  • ORTEGA J, CORPA JM, ORDEN JA, BLANCO J, CARBONELL MD, GERIQUE AC, LATIMER E, HAYWARD GS, ROEMMELT A, KRAEMER T, ROMEY A, KASSIMI LB, & CASARES M. Acute death associated with Citrobacter freundii infection in an African elephant (Loxodonta africana). J Vet Diag Inv. July 25, 2015 doi:10.1177/1040638715596034
  • LERTWATCHARASARAKUL, P., SANYATHITISEREE, P., THONGTIP, N., CHAROENPHAN, P., BOONYASART, B., MANEEWAN, N., & SONGSERM, T. (2015). Genetic Variant of Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus Detected from Captive Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Thailand from 2007 to 2013. The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 45(1), 73.

Publications:  2014

  • WIEDNER E. Proboscidea. In: Miller RE, Fowler ME. (eds.). Zoo and wild animal medicine, Volume 8. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier; 2014. p. 517–532. Google Scholar
  • ZONG, J.C., LATIMER, E.M., LONG, S.Y., RICHMAN, L.K., HEAGGANS, S.Y., & HAYWARD, G.S. (2014). Comparative Genome Analysis of Four Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesviruses, EEHV3, EEHV4, EEHV5, and EEHV6, from Cases of Hemmorhagic Disease or Viremia. J. Virol, 88(23): 13547. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01675-14.
  • PELLETT, P.E. (2014) Trunkloads of Viruses. J Virol, 88(23): 13520. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.02359-14.
  • BOUCHARD, B., XAYMOUNTRY, B., THONGTIP, N., LERTWATCHARASARAKUL, P., & WAJJWALKU, W. (2014). First reported case of elephant endotheliotropic herpes virus infection in Laos. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 45(3), 704-707.
  • FURUSE, Y., DASTJERDI, A., SEILERN-MOY, K., STEINBACH, F., & CULLEN, B. R. (2014). Analysis of viral microRNA expression by elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1. Virology, 454, 102-108.

Publications:  2013

  • STANTON, J. J., CRAY, C., RODRIGUEZ, M., ARHEART, K. L., LING, P. D., & HERRON, A. (2013). Acute phase protein expression during elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus-1 viremia in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 44(3), 605-612.
  • NOFS, S. A., ATMAR, R. L., KEITEL, W. A., HANLON, C., STANTON, J. J., TAN, J., … & LING, P. D. (2013). Prenatal passive transfer of maternal immunity in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Veterinary immunology and immunopathology, 153(3), 308-311.
  • SRIPIBOON, S., TANKAEW, P., LUNGKA, G., & THITARAM, C. (2013) The occurrence of elephant Endotheliotropic herpesvirus in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): First case of EEHV4 in Asia, Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(1), 100-104

Publications:  2012

  • WIEDNER, E., HOWARD, L., & ISAZA, R. (2012) Treatment of elephant endotheliotropic herpes virus (EEHV). In Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, 7th Edition, Eds Fowler, M.E. & Miller, R.E., 537-543
  • RICHMAN, L.K. & HAYWARD, G.S. (2012) Elephant herpesviruses. In Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, 7th Edition, Eds Fowler, M.E. & Miller, R.E., 496-502
  • SARIYA, L., CHATSIRIVECH, J., SUKSAI, P., WIRIYARAT, W., SONGJAENG, A., TANGSUDJAI, S.,… & CHAICHOUN, K. (2012). Development of a SYBR Green I-based real-time PCR for detection of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1 infection in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Journal of virological methods, 185(1), 160-165.

Publications:  2011

  • WIEDNER, E., L. L. HOWARD, AND R. ISAZA. 2011. Treatment of elephant endotheliotropic herpesviruses. In:M. Fowler (ed.). Fowler’s Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy. Elsevier/Saunders Co., St. Louis, Missouri. Pp. 537–543. Google Scholar
    DASTJERDI, A., & BÄULMER, S. (2011). Detection of EGHV-5 in a self-limiting papilloma-like lesion in the trunk of an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Veterinary Record, 169(8), 209-209.
  • WIRIYARAT, W. (2011). Diversity and virulence of herpesvirus infection in elephants. Journal of Applied Animal Science Vol, 4(1-2)
  • LATIMER, E., ZONG, J.C., HEAGGANS, S.Y., RICHMAN, L.K., & HAYWARD, G.S. (2011) Detection and evaluation of novel herpesviruses in routine and pathological samples from Asian and African elephants: identification of two new probosciviruses (EEHV5 and EEHV6) and two new gammaherpesviruses (EGHV3B and EGHV5). Veterinary Microbiology 147 (1-2), 28-41

Publications:  2009 ~ 2000

  • WIEDNER, E., & SCHMITT, D. L. (2009). Captive elephant medicine: recent developments. Recent Publications on Asian Elephants 50 News Briefs 61, 25.
  • WELLEHAN, J. F. X., JOHNSON, A. J., CHILDRESS, A. L., HARR, K. E. & ISAZA, R. (2008) Six novel gammaherpesviruses of Afrotheria provide insight into the early divergence of the Gammaherpesvirinae. Veterinary Microbiology 127, 249-257
  • CRACKNELL, J. (2007) Therapeutic protocols. London, BIAZA Elephant Health Programme
  • CRACKNELL, J. ROUTH, A., FIELD, D., SCHAFTENAAR, W., HILDEBRANDT, T., & HEWITT, S. (2007) Elephant Endotheliotrophic Herpes Virus (EEHV) in the United Kingdom: An update with the development of the national EEHV management programme, In proceedings of 43rd International Symposium on Diseases of Zoo and Wild Animals, IZW, Edinburgh, 16-20th May.
  • CRACKNELL, J. ROUTH, A. & FIELD, D. (2007b) Education as a tool for disease management: Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpes Virus Case Study in the UK, In Proceedings of AAZV, Knoxville, USA, 20-26th October.
  • MALUY, P. & HAWKES, N. (2007) Loss of a young Asian elephant to a newly discovered herpesvirus: An historical review of husbandry and behaviour prior to death. In 2007 International Elephant Conservation and Research Symposium. Florida, USA, 2-4th November. p 13
  • MCGEOCH, D. J., RIXON, F. J. & DAVISON, A. J. (2006) Topics in herpesvirus genomics and evolution. Virus Research 117, 90-104
  • WELLEHAN, J. F. X., JOHNSON, A. J., CHILDRESS, A. L. & ISAZA, R. (2006) Identification of two novel herpesviruses associated with ocular inflammation in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). In Proceedings American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Tampa. p 173
  • HILDEBRANDT, T. B., HERMES, R., RATANAKORN, P., RIETSCHEL, W., FICKEL, J., FREY, R., WIBBELT, G., REID, C. & GORITZ, F. (2005) Ultrasonographic assessment and ultrasound-guided biopsy of the retropharyngeal lymph nodes in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Vet Record 157, 544-548
  • SCHAFTENAAR, W. & MENSINK, J. M. C. H. (2005) The use of famciclovir with and without proper indications. In Verh. ber. Erkrg. Zootiere. pp 100-104
  • FICKEL, J., LIECKFELDT, D., RICHMAN, L. K., STREICH, W. J., HILDEBRANDT, T. B. & PITRA, C. (2003) Comparison of glycoprotein B (gB) variants of the elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) isolated from Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Veterinary Microbiology 91, 11-21
  • ISAZA, R., HUNTER, R. P., RICHMANN, L. K., MONTALI, R. J., SCHMITT, D., KOCH, D. E. & LINDSAY, W. A. (2003) Famciclovir pharmacokinetics in young Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). In Proceedings of American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Minneapolis. pp 82-83
  • FICKEL, J., RICHMAN, L. K., MONTALI, R. J., SCHAFTENAAR, W., GORITZ, F., HILDEBRANDT, T. B. & PITRA, C. (2001) A variant of the endotheliotrophic herpesvirus in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in European zoos. Veterinary Microbiology 82, 2001
  • HILDEBRANDT, T. B., FICKEL, J., GORITZ, F., RIETSCHEL, W., LIEKFELDT, D., MONTALI, R. J., RICHMAN, L. K. & RATANAKORN, P. (2001) Survey on presence of the endotheliotrophic elephant herpesvirus (EEHV) in Thai camp elephants. In Proceedings of AAZV, ARAV, NAZWV joint conference. Florida. pp 183-184
  • MONTALI, R. J., RICHMAN, L. K., MIKOTA, S. K., SCHMITT, D., LARSEN, R. S., HILDEBRANDT, T. B., ISAZA, R. & LINDSAY, W. A. (June 7-11th, 2001) Management aspects of herpesvirus infections and tuberculosis in elephants. In A research update on elephants and rhinos. Vienna, Austria. pp 87-95
  • SCHAFTENAAR, W., MENSINK, J. M. C. H., DE BOER, A. M., HILDEBRANDT, T. B. & FICKEL, J. (2001) Successful treatment of a subadult Asian elephant bull (Elephas maximus) infected with the endotheliotrophic elephant herpes virus. In 40th Verh.ber. Erkrg.Zootiere. pp 141-146
  • RICHMAN, L. K., MONTALI, R. J. & HAYWARD, G. S. (2000b) Review of a newly recognized disease of elephants caused by endotheliotrophic herpesviruses. Zoo Biology 19, 383-392

Publications:  1999 ~ 1971

  • RICHMAN, L. K., MONTALI, R. J., GARBER, R. L., KENNEDY, M. A., LEHNHARDT, J., HILDEBRANDT, T. B., SCHMITT, D., HARDY, D., ALCENDOR, D. J. & HAYWARD, G. S. (1999) Novel endotheliotrophic herpesvirus fatal for Asian and African elephants. Science 283, 1171-1176
  • BURKHARDT, S., HENTSCHKE, J., WEILER, H., EHLERS, B., OCHS, A., WALTER, J., WITTSTATT, U. & GOLTENBOTH, R. (1999) [Elephant herpes virus–a problem for breeding and housing of elephants]. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 112, 174-179
  • RICHMAN, L. K., MONTALI, R. J., CAMBRE, R. C., LEHNHARDT, J., KENNEDY, M. A., KANIA, S. & POTGIETER, L. (1996) Endothelial inclusion body disease: A newly recognized fatal herpes-like infection in Asian elephants. In Proceedings of American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Mexico. pp 483-485
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